Art & Architecture Main articles: Art in ancient Greece and Architecture of ancient Greece The art of ancient Greece has exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries from ancient times until the present, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture. In the West, the art of the Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek models. In the East, Alexander the Great's conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Central Asian and Indian cultures, resulting in Greco-Buddhist art, with ramifications as far as Japan. Following the Renaissance in Europe, the humanist aesthetic and the high technical standards of Greek art inspired generations of European artists. Well into the 19th century, the classical tradition derived from Greece dominated the art of the western world.
Hellenistic palaces expressed the wealth and theatricality of this architecture like no other, and these palaces contained numerous rooms, each as luxurious as the last (Mee 2011, 64). The palace at Vergina shows the many rooms of these palaces as well as the superfluous accommodations it contained. For example, many of these buildings were also equipped with societal centers, such as parks and gardens and became important for the culture of the city (Mee 2011, 64). Yet, the concerns of architects and city planners during this time was not solely economical appearances. The Temple of Apollo, for example, showcases the dedication exerted to pay tribute to the gods, and it also exemplifies many characteristics of Hellenistic architecture. Unlike classical temples, the audience was more important than perfection, and the Temple of Apollo achieves this by forcing people to reach the bright courtyard of the temple by first going through a darkened hallway (“Architecture and the Corinthian Order” 2011). The Corinthian order also began to gain popularity during this period, and its characteristic columns can be seen throughout the Hellenistic age (“Architecture and the Corinthian Order” 2011).