Once I have explained these numbers, most people want to know why and how the fertility rate is falling. Governments would like to suggest it is their family planning efforts (a euphemism for contraception services targeted largely at women) that have done the trick. While this might have played a small part, it is well accepted that the best contraception is development. As women become more literate, as their status in society gets better and they have access to contraceptive services, they opt to have fewer children. And men too prefer smaller families as they get more civilized. So the mantra’s simple. Empower the women, and they’ll defuse the bomb.
Human population control is the practice of altering the rate of growth of a human population. Historically, human population control has been implemented with the goal of increasing the rate of population growth. In the period from the 1950s to the 1980s, concerns about global population growth and its effects on poverty, environmental degradation, and political stability led to efforts to reduce population growth rates. While population control can involve measures that improve people's lives by giving them greater control of their reproduction, a few programs, most notably the Chinese government's one-child per family policy, have resorted to coercive measures.