The conclusion should match the introduction in terms of the ideas presented
and the argument put forward. Sometimes you will find that the process
of writing has changed what you have argued and so it will be necessary
to go back and reword the introduction. Finally, the conclusion is not
the place in your essay to introduce new information or new ideas: these
should be in the body of your essay.
Example of an essay conclusion 1
Essay Question: : Italy on the eve of 1860 has often been described
as an unlikely nation. Why?
Before 1860, only a tiny minority of the population believed that
Italy could ever become a unified nation under one Italian ruler.
Yet, despite this belief and the many obstacles blocking the path
to unification such as differences and suspicion between the many
regions of the peninsula, the lack of planning and common goals that
saw many uprisings fail and the divergent views and politics amongst
the men who fought for unity, the Piedmont region emerged "...as the
nucleus around which the rest of Italy could gather" (Mack Smith,
1959: 17). On March 17, 1861, the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed.
Italy was no longer a geographical expression, it was a nation.
reference to essay question
reiteration of thesis point
overview of main arguments explaining the obstacles to Italy's unification
concluding comment and reference to essay question 1 This essay has been adapted from material developed by R. Woodward-Kron, E. Thomson & J. Meek (2000) Academic Writing: a language based guide (CD-ROM), University of Wollongong
© Copyright 2000
Comments and questions should
be directed to Unilearning@
The table illustrates the proportion of money spent by the consumers on 3 categories in five different countries in the year 2002.
Overall, the people from all the five nations have spent the most of their money on food, drinks and tobacco while, the least amount was paid for leisure and education.
In the year 2002, residents from Turkey and Ireland paid more than a quarter of their money for consumables with nearly 32% and 29% respectively. Although other three countries also preferred consumable items, they spent less than a fifth for these goods.
Clothing/footwear was the second category which registered a proportion in the range of 6 to 9% for all the five nations. Ireland and Turkey, along with Spain, gave out roughly the same proportion of %. Surprisingly, citizens of Italy spend 9% of their money on footwear and clothing which was by far the most among the 5 nations.
In the category of leisure and education, consumers from all these countries under consideration spent the least for these two reasons. On one hand, Sweden and Italy residents dedicated nearly % of their money each; on the other hand, Ireland and Spain's people have spent around 2% for the same. Consumers from Turkey were the most generous in this category with % of their expenditure going for leisure and education in the year 2002.